I tried to do the testing, but I don't think I was very successful. This is an explanation of what I have done to test Boxcryptor. I have the debug file for WinXP but it is very long. I can post it here if you like, or email it to you, or send you a link to it in Dropbox.
If it would help, and if you use Crossloop, you can remote in to both PCs if you like, and I can demonstrate it in real-time. We just need to set up a date and time, and I can share the access code with you in private somehow.
Sorry that this has turned into a long process. Here's what I did during my test...
PCs are on different networks for this test, through different ISPs (although I get the same regarding missing text from edited files when both PCs are on the same network/ISP).
Note, the time shown by the Windows clock is different on the two PCs; the Win7 clock being 17 seconds ahead of the WinXP clock.
On both PCs. Reboot. Wait for Dropbox to finish syncing.
On WinXP exit Boxcryptor, Start, Run, boxcryptor.exe /debug
WinXP PC, Open Boxcryptor Drive "J: BBFS WIP". Create folder "Test".
I did some testing with a file TestFile.txt, then decided to start again with a new file as follows.
On WinXP, create a file TestFile2.txt, open, and add the text "Added on XP". Close and save. Dropbox syncs it. Properties say the file is 11 bytes on both WinXP and Win7.
Win7 PC, open the file and the text input on WinXP is visible. Add text "This text added on Win7", close and save. Dropbox syncs, and both PCs show the file size is 28 bytes.
Close the window on XP, and re-open the J: drive, navigate to the folder. Properties say 28 bytes. Open the file, and the text added on the Win7 PC is not there.
Added more text "Second addition to TestFile2 on WinXP". Save the file, dropbox syncs it to Win7. Properties in WinXP say 52 bytes. Properties on Win7 say 52 bytes. Open the file on Win7, and only this text has been added "Second additi".
Close the file on Win7, there is no Dropbox activity. Re-open the file on Win XP and the full text is there. I add a "." to the end of the text, close and save the file. Dropbox syncs. WinXP says the file is 53bytes. Win7 says the file is 53 bytes, but no text is added; it still says "Second additi".
On Win7, between the text "This text added on Win7" and "Second additi", I add "More text added on Win7". Close and save. File size is now 51 bytes on Win7.
Windows Explorer on WinXP appears to crash, with folder "Test" not responding. I have to ctrl-alt-del. End Task for "Test" does not work. I have to End Task Boxcryptor to get my desktop icons back. J: is not available (obviously). I have the log file, but it's very long. What should I do?